Top 20 Richest Countries In The World By GDP (2023)

What comes to people’s minds when they think about the world’s richest countries? Many people would probably be surprised to find that many of the planet’s wealthiest nations are also among the tiniest.

Talking about the world’s richest countries in 2023, the four giants; The United States of America, China, Germany, and Japan cannot be ignored.

They are well-known for their structures, infrastructures, and strong educational background that attract foreign investment, professional talent, and large bank deposits with some lucrative natural businesses.

While Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measures the value of all goods and services produced in a nation, dividing this output by the number of full-time residents.

It is a better way of determining how rich or poor one country’s population is relative to another’s.

Being the richest country might be a result of the size of the population, structure, and resources in the country. However, this article aims to provide insight into the ten richest economies in the world in 2023, based on their GDP level.


1) The United States of America


The United States has the richest economy in the world. Its current GDP varies from 26,662 billion dollars to 26,867 billion dollars. It has an income per capita varying from $80,030 to $80,399. It has in stock the necessary structures to maximize its resources and it is well equipped to stand independently and excel among its fellow competitors.

America has undergone some ups and downs of economic fluctuation in prices of energy and pandemic-driven state of spending before it got to this level and stage on the list of the richest countries in the world. Fortunately, America was able to recover from its state of pandemic over time.


2) China

China has proven to be the second-largest economy in the world with its current nominal GDP varying from 19,374 billion dollars to 19,877 billion dollars. It also has the Income Per Capita which varies from $13,524 to $13,820. It is a global economic powerhouse and a major player in international trade and manufacturing.

China’s rapid economic growth has been fuelled by industrialization, urbanization, and export-oriented policies. China is a leading exporter of goods, including electronics, machinery, textiles, and consumer products which accelerate its economic growth.


3) Japan

Japan is the third largest economy in the world following the USA and China with a nominal GDP varying from 4,411 billion dollars to 4,630 billion dollars. The Income Per Capita also varies from $35,285 to $35,415. Japan is known for its advanced technological and industrial prowess, contributing to economic growth.

Japan is a global leader in manufacturing, particularly in the automotive and electronics sectors. The nation’s efficient infrastructure and transportation networks support its economic activities.


4) Germany

Germany is the fourth-largest economy in the world with a nominal GDP varying from 4,300 billion dollars to 4,454 billion dollars. It has the Income Per Capita which also varies from $51,432 to $52,823.

Germany is known as one of the largest consumers of energy and top exporters of vehicles, machinery, chemical goods, electrical products, food products, and pharmaceuticals, among other products. Its prowess in tourism and infrastructural facilities contributes to its economic activities.


5) India

Recently, India overtook the UK to become the world’s fifth-largest economy. Its nominal GDP varies from 3,732 billion dollars to 3,755 billion dollars and its Income Per Capita varies from $2,389 to $2,612. India has become a fast-growing major economy and a hub for information technology services, with an expanding middle class.  It is the world’s highest producer of milk, with the largest population of cattle which contribute richly to the level of GDP.


6) United Kingdom

The UK is the sixth-largest economy in the world with a nominal GDP that varies from 3,159 billion dollars to 3,332 billion dollars. The Income Per Capita of the UK is $45,850 to $48,912. It is widely known as an exporter of automobiles.

The United Kingdom is the second world’s largest exporter of services which contributed to the largest percentage of the economy’s GDP. The United Kingdom is a major center for engine manufacturing It is also the world’s fourth-largest exporter of engines. The agriculture industry is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60 percent of food needs with less than 1.6 percent of the labor force. The United Kingdom retains a significant, though much reduced fishing industry. It is also rich in a variety of natural resources including coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, and an abundance of arable land.


7) France

The French economy has consistently ranked among the ten largest globally and has taken the seventh-largest economy in the world has a GDP of 2,782 billion dollars to 3,049 billion dollars and an Income Per Capita of $46,315. It is considered an economic power, with membership in the Group of Seven leading industrialized countries.

France has been one of the world’s major agricultural centers and remains a “global agricultural powerhouse”. It is the world’s sixth-biggest exporter of agricultural products, generating a trade surplus of over €7.4 billion. France has been a contributor to scientific and technological achievement, tourism, energy, and other transportation systems.


8) Italy

The eighth-largest economy in the world is Italy with a nominal GDP of 2,170 billion dollars to 2,186 billion dollars. Its Income Per Capita stands at $35,810 to $37,146.  it is regarded as one of the world’s most industrialized nations and a leading country in world trade and exports.

Italy is well known for its creative and innovative business, a large and competitive agricultural sector (with the world’s largest wine production), and for its influential and high-quality automobile, machinery, food, design, and fashion industry. The automotive industry is a significant part of the Italian manufacturing sector and contributes 8.5% to the Italian GDP. Italy has fostered the scientific community that produced many major discoveries in physics and other sciences.


9) Canada

Canada’s economy ranks above most Western nations. It ranked the ninth-largest world economy with its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) varying from 2,117 billion dollars to 2,221 billion dollars. Despite being a small country with fewer inhabitants, its Income Per Capita is $52,728 to $53,246. Canada ranks among the lowest of the most developed countries for housing affordability and foreign direct investment.

Canada’s economic integration with the United States has increased significantly. is one of the few developed nations that are net exporters of energy and The fishing industry is also a key contributor to the economy.


10) Brazil

It is one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world. It is ranked the tenth-largest economy in the world with a nominal GDP of 2,126 billion dollars. The Income Per Capita of Brazil is $9.67 to $10,412 and it is very rich in natural resources.

Brazil’s diversified economy includes agriculture, industry, and a wide range of services. The large service sector accounts for about 72.7% of total GDP, followed by the industrial sector (20.7%), while the agriculture sector is by far the smallest, making up 6.6% of total GDP.


11) Russia

It is the largest country in the world by area, extends across eleven time zones, and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries.  It is the world’s ninth-most populous country and Europe’s most populous country.  The Russian economy ranks eleventh by a nominal GDP of 1,862 billion dollars, and the income per capita is $13,005, relying heavily on its abundant natural resources. Its mineral and energy sources are the world’s largest and its figures for oil production and natural gas production rank highly globally.

Russia has a market economy, with enormous natural resources, particularly oil and natural gas. The large service sector accounts for 62% of total GDP, followed by the industrial sector (32%), while the agricultural sector is the smallest, making up only 5% of total GDP.


12) Mexico


Agriculture has comprised 4% of the economy over the last two decades, while industry contributes 33% (mostly automotive, oil, and electronics) and services (notably financial services and tourism) contribute 63%. The electronics industry of Mexico has grown enormously within the last decade. Mexico has the sixth-largest electronics industry in the world after China, the United States, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.

Mexico has the world’s twelfth-largest economy by nominal GDP.  It has a nominal GDP of 1,811 billion dollars and an income per capita of $13,803.

Mexico produces the most automobiles of any North American nation. The industry produces technologically complex components and engages in some research and development activities.


13) South Korea

South Korea is a regional power and a developed country, with its economy ranked as the world’s thirteenth-largest by a nominal GDP of 1,709 billion dollars and an income per capita of $33,147.

It is a developed country with a high-income economy and is the most industrialized member country of the OECD. South Korean brands such as LG Electronics and Samsung are internationally famous and garnered South Korea’s reputation for its quality electronics and other manufactured goods.


14) Australia

Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country. Its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade relations are crucial to the country’s economy, which generates its income from various sources including services, mining exports, banking, manufacturing, agriculture, and international education. It is the world’s fourteenth-largest by nominal terms of 1,687 billion dollars and an income per capital of $63,487, The large service sector accounts for about 71.2% of total GDP, followed by the industrial sector (25.3%), while the agriculture sector is by far the smallest, making up only 3.6% of total GDP.


15) Spain

It is a major advanced capitalist economy, with the world’s fifteenth-largest economy by nominal GDP of 1,582 billion dollars and the income per capita income of $33,090. Spanish companies invested in fields like renewable energy commercialization, science and technology, tourism, and transportation systems.


16) Indonesia

The economy of Indonesia is the world’s sixteenth-largest by nominal GDP estimated to be 1,417 billion dollars. The country is a member of several multilateral organizations, including the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, and the G20. The country has the largest economy in the region and is classified as a newly industrialized country.

Services are the economy’s largest sector and account for 43.4% of GDP (2018), followed by industry (39.7%) and agriculture (12.8%). Since 2009, it has employed more people than other sectors, accounting for 47.7% of the total labor force, followed by agriculture (30.2%) and industry (21.9%). Over time, the structure of the economy has changed considerably.


17) Turkey

Turkey is a regional power with a geopolitically significant strategic location. It is a newly industrialized country with an upper-middle income economy, which is the seventeenth-largest in the world by nominal GDP which estimates 1,154 billion dollars, while its nominal GDP per capita is $11,932.

The automotive industry in Turkey is sizeable, and produced 1,352,648 motor vehicles in 2022, ranking as the 13th largest producer in the world. Other key sectors of the Turkish economy are banking, construction, home appliances, electronics, textiles, oil refining, petrochemical products, food, mining, iron and steel, and machine industry.


18) Netherland

 The Netherlands is the world’s second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products by value, owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, intensive agriculture, and inventiveness.

The Netherlands is one of the world’s 10 leading exporting countries. Foodstuffs form the largest industrial sector. Other major industries include chemicals, metallurgy, machinery, electrical goods, trade, services and tourism. The Netherlands has the eighteenth-largest economy of 1,092 billion dollars in the world.


19) Saudi Arabia

The Saudi economy is the largest in the Middle East; the world’s nineteenth-largest economy by nominal GDP of 1,069 billion dollars. it offers a tuition-free university education, no personal income tax, and a free universal health care system.

Saudi Arabia has the world’s second-largest proven petroleum reserves and is the largest exporter of petroleum. The country has the world’s second-largest oil reserves and the sixth-largest proven natural gas reserves. Saudi Arabia is considered an “energy superpower.

The oil industry constitutes about 45% of Saudi Arabia’s nominal gross domestic product, compared with 40% from the private sector.


20) Switzerland

 Switzerland is one of the world’s most developed countries, with the highest nominal wealth per adult, and the eighth-highest gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. Switzerland has a stable, prosperous, and high-tech economy. It is the world’s wealthiest country per capita in multiple rankings. It has the world’s twentieth-largest economy by nominal GDP of $905.684 billion.

Switzerland’s most important economic sector is manufacturing, it is the thirteenth largest exporter, and home to several large multinational corporations.


However, there is a possibility that the above-listed 20 countries could change due to fluctuations in the foreign exchange market or the utilization of resources with the necessary resources. But before then, we could work with this and for those that want to japa, you can plan yourself wisely.